Ba Dinh Square Hanoi - Most famous historical relic of capital

Ba Dinh Square is one the largest square in Vietnam, located on Hung Vuong street and in front of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum. There are many important landmarks in Vietnamese history, especially on September 2nd, 1945, President Ho Chi Minh Vietnam read Independence Declaration.


1. Ba Dinh square history

In the beginning, Ba Dinh Square was a western gate of Thang Long citadel, a busy trading place with many craft villages. In the early 20th century, the French rebuilt into the administrative center of Indochina and named it Round Square or Puginier Garden - the name of a French priest.

The square was named "Ba Dinh" by Doctor Tran Van Lai, who was Hanoi Mayor in August 1945 to commemorate an uprising against the French colonialists in Ba Dinh stronghold of Thanh Hoa Province in the late 19th century.

In August 1945, the August Revolution succeeded, overturning colonialism's rule and establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Ba Dinh square was chosen as a venue for the historical Independence Day ceremony on September 2nd, 1954.

ba dinh square vov 

Ho Chi Minh read the Vietnam Independence Declaration On September 2nd, 1945 

In 1954, a project proposal of building the Ho Chi Minh complex around Ba Dinh Square proceeded. The Complex included:

  • Ba Dinh Hall (completed in 1963).
  • Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum (1975).
  • Ho Chi Minh Museum (1990).
  • Monument to heroic martyrs (1994).

The significance of Ba Dinh Square also includes its national largest size, containing up to 200,000 people. Nowadays Ba Dinh Square has a campus with a length of 320 m and a width of 100 m.
With 210 fields of grass (7 vertical rows x 30 horizontal rows), which used to be 240 cells, but after cutting one horizontal row for building construction (The National Assembly), the middle of the passage is 1.4 m wide. In the middle of the square is a 25-meter high flagpole. This is where the parades take place on the occasion of major Vietnamese holidays and a place for a visit, play, and walk for many visitors every day.
>>> Read more: Hanoi city tours

2. Ba Dinh square entrance fee and tips

It's free and always opens for all tourists
Located on HungVuong Street - Buses number 09, 34, and 22 all offer a stop at the Le Hong Phong Road, just less than minutes to walk to the Ho Chi Minh Complex.
Evening (5 pm-9 pm) is the best time to interact and enjoy the lifestyle of local people.
In the daytime, sunscreen use is necessary, or you will get sunburnt.
You should bring cameras or a smartphone to take photos here on the beautiful ground.
If you come here during raising and lowering the flag, you should be solemn as these are the moments of flag greeting rituals.
No transportation is allowed in Ba Dinh Square. Therefore, you need to take your motorbike to the parking lot before getting in there.


ba dinh square hanoi 

Ba Dinh Square 


You might want to visit some attractions nearby:
>>> Ho Chi Minh mausoleum complex - Complete guide
>>> One pillar pagoda - Symbol of Hanoi millennium
>>> Temple of Literature - First Imperial Academy of Vietnam

>>> Read more best things to do in Hanoi 
Go Viet Trip hope this article will help you understand more about Hanoi if you need any more help. Please feel free to contact us: Email: or hotline +84968667589. We are guarantee about quality and prices. Get a full refund if you do not feel happy with our services.

Author Hoan Nguyen

He has over 10 years of experience working in the tourism sector and operator. He has traveled to many places in Vietnam and around the world.

Photos: Internet


author hoan
My name is Hoan and I come from Hanoi, with more than 10 years working in the tourism industry (both as a tour guide then tour operator). I am very proud to say that I can give you the best advice for your trip to beautiful Vietnam.

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